We love those published abstracts, don’t we? Those databases. Those quick, cheap, and easy sources that save us the time spent combing old records or the costs of ordering them. But, as with all love affairs, verify before you trust is a wise idea.
In 1932, Amy Lowry Worrell abstracted the early marriage records of Montgomery and Fincastle Counties, Virginia, dedicating her work to the William Preston Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution. Generations of researchers have thanked her for her effort. Generations have cited her on their DAR applications. Publishing houses have reprinted her book at least four more times.1
To channel Rhett Butler: Caveat emptor!
In the years since Worrell’s work was published, Montgomery County’s original marriage bonds and returns have been microfilmed. Copies exist, among other places, at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City and the Library of Virginia, Richmond. Life took me to the latter this week with a to-do list that began:
Image the originals for these three Worrell abstracts:2
- “Saxton, Alidg and Sara Mills. Mar. by Jeremiah Mastin—Apr. 26, 1791.”
- “White, John, Jr., and Frances Mills. Thos. Copley, Sur. Bar. [sic] by Alexander Ross—Aug. 19, 1792.”
- “Bowen, John and Rachel Mills. Aug. 3, 1803.”
Was it worth the effort? You be the judge. Evaluate the actual documents against the snippet from Worrell. At the end of the three sets of records, we'll recap the differences.
1. SAXTON-MILLS MARRIAGE
Actual Marriage Bond:
2. WHITE-MILLS MARRIAGE
Actual Marriage Bond
3. BOWEN-MILLS MARRIAGE
Actual Marriage Bond
Backside of Marriage Bond
It's an interesting situation: three female marriages in a county for which the concurrent tax rolls place no male of that surname. Were they kin—perhaps sisters, or a mother and her daughters—or three "stray" females of a common surname who just happened to end up in the county? What similarities, incongruities, or clues do you see?
1. Anne Lowry Worrell, A Brief of Wills and Marriages in Montgomery and Fincastle Counties, Virginia, 1733‒1831 (1932; reprinted Baltimore, Genealogical Publishing Co., 1996).
2. Ibid., pp. 10, 35, 43.
HOW TO CITE:
“When Our Love Affair Goes Wrong—Woefully Wrong!” blog post, QuickTips: The Blog @ Evidence Explained (https://www.evidenceexplained.com/quicktips/when-our-love-affair-goes-wrong : posted 23 June 2019).