Record Citation vs. Record Identification

27 October 2014
Newer researchers think of “source identification” in terms of How do I cite this? The underlying issue, however, is not how to cite. It is, instead, how to ...

Choosing a Citation Style

21 October 2014
Researchers and writers typically handle reference notes in one of four ways: as endnotes, footnotes, parenthetical citations, or hypertext. All four of these options are not of equal merit for history researchers ...

Finding Aids for Research at the U.S. National Archives

18 October 2014
Hundreds of the record groups at NARA have inventories to help us identify various series of original material within that record group. Copies of these guides have been distributed to libraries and individuals upon demand. Many have been digitized by Google Books or ...

Using Tax Rolls Creatively

15 September 2014
When you use a tax roll from yesteryear, how do you use it? Do you simply search for the individuals of interest and copy their data? Or do you ...

Podiums, Lecterns & Soapboxes

12 October 2014
Every historical speaker knows the problem, we ask for a lectern and we're given a stage. What are we do to? What happened? Etymological confusion, obviously. Understanding the roots of words can help to avoid such problems, so let's look at two that are critical to our oral delivery of research findings.

More Website Citation Dilemmas!

9 October 2014
Everything has a creator. But what do we do when we have three creators creating three different but connected things and we have to pack them all into one citation?

Harvesting Clues to Solve Identity Problems

6 October 2014
Most evidence we use to reconstruct human lives will not clearly identify the individual involved. Our sources may not even carry the name of the person we seek. Each time we do a bit of research, we all hope that diligent clerks will have ...

Citing Microfilm & Microfiche

3 October 2014
Filmed and fiched materials at a library or archive can carry two identification systems: 1) the identification created by the producer; and 2) the cataloging data created by the library. If the ...

British & American English—Pesky Differences

30 September 2014
American English and British English differ in many niggling ways—some of which we addressed in our posting "International Quotation Differences," last 23 March. Those differences are even more pronounced when we consider ...

Citing Vital Records: Four Questions

27 September 2014
When citing a vital record (an official registration of birth, marriage, or death), four questions should guide our decision as to how we cite what we are using ...