Citation Issues


I am using a family letter as a source.  It is several pages and covers different topics.  In my work I'm writing about different topics, and separating those into paragraphs.  I feel uncomfortable leaving a paragraph "naked" (uncited) so I site the source at the end of each, but consequently I'm ending up with a lot of Ibids.  Can there be too many ibids?    If I just did the citation at the end of 5 paragraphs, all of which draw on the same source, would it be a problem to have the earlier paragraphs uncited, or would/should a reader recognize that the source at the end of the 5 paragraph

FamilySearch DGS has different image numbers depending on how it's accessed...

I recently noticed that certain digitized films on FS have different image numbers depending on how they are accessed. Here's an example from the "North Carolina Deaths, 1906–1930" collection...

1. Go to

2. Search for "John Smith"

3. The first search result should be "John Smith" born 1842 and died 1928. Click on the camera icon to view the image.

Citing FamilySearch image only available by browsing film

There are lot of images on FamilySearch, from digitized microfilm, that have neither been indexed, nor are part of a collection. An example would be found here...


This is the death certificate for Max Dennis (died September 4, 1993). NC death certificate images from 1931–1994 are available to view, but are not indexed and are not part of a collection.

Journal Article Citing a Letter

I have gotten myself wrapped around the axle, once again, and can't seem to "see the forest, for the trees."

I have in my hands an original Journal publication:

Woman's Evangle
January 1904
No. 1
Published Monthly by the Woman's Missionary Association of the United Brethren in Christ, Dayton, Ohio.

The article in consideration:

"Latest African News"

The article begins:

Ensuring clarity in citations containing information from pre-printed forms

Dear Editor;

I am currently working through immigration records relating to ships. I am seeing quite a few examples in which identifying the record requires citing a mixture of pre-printed text and handwritten text. Sometimes, the spelling of the handwritten text is also incorrect. I'm not sure how best to render this. I am torn between being faithful to what is written and ensuring that the citation is usable/readable (and not cluttered with annotations).

Citing records from, Statue of Liberty—Ellis Island Foundation

Dear Editor,

I am attempting to use the example in EE 11.17, Passenger Manifests: Online Images, for citing the manifests present on the Statue of Liberty—Ellis Island Foundation website.

I started off as follows:

Source List Entry
Statue of Liberty—Ellis Island Foundation. Database with images. 2019.

Source list entries for multiple locations, same U.S. Census year

Dear editor,

I'm creating the bibliography for a family history book. Many of my references are online images from FamilySearch. For any given census year, I might have citations for people living in different counties or states. The Quick Check Model for Digital Images on p. 237, uses a template of "Jurisdiction. Census ID, Schedule. Format. Website Title. URL. Year." The examples given in following pages of EE follow this model.

Finding the Source of the Source on Ancestry

I am trying to create a source citation for a St. Louis, Missouri Declaration of Intent for a "Leizer Poupko" from 1932, found on Ancestry.It is grouped with his Petition for Naturalization, filed in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1937. If you have access to Ancestry, it is the first result when search  with his name. Typically, when I cite, I like to describe the underlying source, usually some NARA publication and microfilm roll. In this case, I am stumped as to the actual source Ancestry used. They cite some recordset that spans 1845 - 1911. But this is a 1932 record.