More Website Citation Dilemmas!

9 October 2014
Everything has a creator. But what do we do when we have three creators creating three different but connected things and we have to pack them all into one citation?

Citing Microfilm & Microfiche

3 October 2014
Filmed and fiched materials at a library or archive can carry two identification systems: 1) the identification created by the producer; and 2) the cataloging data created by the library. If the ...

Three Handy Tips for Citing U.S. Military Pension Files

21 September 2014
Veteran's pensions. Widow's pensions. Surviving children's pensions. Step-children's pensions. All of these have some common denominators and some differences. Here are three handy tips:

What to Cite First: The Chicken or the Egg?

15 September 2014
Every writing guide differs from others, depending upon the needs of the fields it serves. One of the ways that Evidence Style differs from other popular styles lies in the handling of "borrowed" sources—at least the legally "borrowed" ones. ...

Citations: Input vs. Output

4 September 2014
Citations exist in two stages, working notes and final form. This input vs. output issue is especially important for history researchers, given our use of so many original materials. Yes, EE does provide formats for many types of sources not treated by classic citation guides; but the more-important issue is not format. It's substance. What's critical is ...

It's Not Just about Giving Credit Where Due

18 August 2014
It happens so often. A researcher cites a census—typically accessed online, these days—but does not cite the online provider. Does it matter?

A Rose Is a Rose Is a Rose—At Least When We Cite Them

4 August 2014
Or to put it another way: a kirchenbüch is a klokkerbøk is a church book. Regardless of the country in which we do research, our citations to church books have ...

Source Citation: The Right-Uniform Principle

9 July 2014
It's a simple concept: Citations, like a lot of professions, have distinctive "uniforms." So dress 'em right! The police wear uniforms that identify them as law enforcement. Doctors and nurses wear uniforms that identify them as medical personnel. If we need a police officer, we don't look for somebody in a scrub suit, do we? Citations are also 'dressed' certain ways to identify what they are ...

Do You "Just Trust" Citations Offered by Digital Providers?

25 June 2014
EE hopes your answer is "no." Today’s image demonstrates why. Not only do we need to double-check the factual details, but we also need to consider whether the “ready-made citation” actually covers all essentials. The census enumeration maps offered by one of our most-valued providers of digitized records suggests ...

To What Do We Attach Our Citations?

16 June 2014
A while back, a new EE user posed a question we’ll paraphrase here: ‘I’m writing a biography of a nineteenth-century man. For his birth and immigration, every record has a different year. Do I combine all my sources into just one citation for each event? This would make a ridiculously long and unwieldy citation.’